Regenerative Land Trust Fund

Paulo de Carvalho
Jefferson Sofarelli
Fabio Borges
Rui Nunes
Katharina Serafimova

Experiment Stage and Evolution



The Regenerative Land Trust Fund Idea was stimulated by several important facts:

  1. There are no financial mechanisms to support the land regeneration efforts.
  2. - Real-estate land value is de-valuing regeneration. A terra-plain land can be worth more than a reach-biodiverse land.
  3. - Extractive land usage such as mining, extractive agriculture, is degrading natural habitats with unmeasured externality costs.
  4. - Regenerative farmers struggle to be financial sustainable due to the unbalanced costs of regenerative efforts and price pressure of extractive farming mass production.


Work in progress

Research Questions

Can we shift the Real-State evaluation models to including land and life principles

Present evaluation models, driven by land extractive usage, devalue living ecosystems true values.

Closing the gap between such expression of economical value and life becomes a central action of value flow.

Can we establish a land evaluation model that includes the tangible and intangible values of a living ecosystem such as: biodiversity, soil quality, carbon capturing, water retention and filtering, and many others?

How can we shift our relation with the land, becoming their guardian instead of owner?

Land ownership is a complex concept, conditioning our relation with land. Can we become land stewards or guardians?

Caring for the land is a paramount of our age if we are to survive on this planet.

Land ownership was a first step to objectify and justify our extractive relation with the land.

Can we evolve towards a responsible, caring and protective relationship?

Trust! how is trust build? What is a "Land Trust"

Trust is a key element of social dynamics. The regenerative Land Trust Fund needs to gather the trust from investors and land owners in a regenerative partnership.

Building trust is a crucial element of our construct.

In particular, the Land Trust needs to constitute it self as a trustable societal entity, with the proper legal framing, protecting the land and ensuring it regenerative purpose.

Land Trust needs to establish the right governance and legal framing to provide adequate participation and confidence mechanisms to landowners.

What do we know about living Systems and Regeneration?

Nature will be our guiding force and teacher. Understanding living systems is central to Value Flow and a key aspect of the Regenerative Land Trust Fund.

Regeneration is central to the fund purpose. Expanding the underfunding of regeneration is therefor a paramount.

The question of What is Regeneration will be a central one, evolving as our practice and consciousness evolves.

Research Questions

Work in progress

Key Concepts

The Regenerative Land Trust Fund is conceptually built around 3 key principles.

IPO Initial Public Offer Metaphor: 

Becoming Steward: to finance regeneration, a landowner can transact a percentage of land compromising all the land to regeneration.

Stewardship establishes a multigenerational relation with the land, similar to ownership, subject to the respect of the regenerative compromise agreement.

Land is a sacred common, the Fund is a land trustee, taking the land out of the real estate market permanently. 

Economic Ecology:

Exploring “unexpected” sources of economic abundance results in additional revenue streams for both landowners and investors. Examples are volunteer carbon credit markers, food networks, plants value added chains (ie. medicinal plants) and other value added economical functions.

Stimulate a second economic layer through a network of value and players, Increasing the economic potential of both the regenerated land and its social contextual community.

Rethinking land value:

Investors are willing to invest in specific projects, aiming for regenerative impacts.

Investors are provided a digital token representing the land investment, this will ensure liquidity of the investment, Investors will be able sell their positions on a secondary market. 

The Fund will evaluate land periodically, reflecting the evaluation into the digital token value. This mechanism will ensure a multi-folded incentive: 

  • Real estate land value trends show an increase of ~3% YoY, investors will be able to benefit from such an increase.
  • Regeneration metrics (carbon retained, biodiversity, water retained, soil quality...) will be incorporated in the land evaluation, aligning players incentives towards regeneration. 
  • A regenerated land will increase its value over time, incentivising landowners on the path towards regeneration.
  • Land regeneration evaluation scientific rigor will build transparency and trust, attracting more investors and regenerators

Key Concepts

Work in progress


What have we done so far:

  • Interview more than 20 land owners with interest for regenerative practices
  • Facilitated 4 Workshops, presenting the regenerative fund theory of investment and collecting feedback
  • Pitch the theory of investment to impact investors and impact investors advisors
  • Studied, and contacted key "case studies" and their practitioners
  • Research and gained competences in "regeneration"


Work in progress


We are preparing our first prototype these are the aspects we are considering and preparing

  • Lunching an autonomous site for the land regenerative trust fund
  • Implementing the tokenomics
  • Identifying a key pilot project
  • Inviting several "land owner" on a 3 - 6 month program

The program will focus on 4 critical points, all co-created with the participants

  1. Setting up the trust legal structures, contracts and governance for the trust
  2. Capacity building for regeneration
  3. Redefining land Value and defining the land regenerative evaluation model
  4. Establishing and defining the financial flows from investors to land owners and regenerative projects

The prototype includes the following milestones:

  • Monitoring each of the land plots
  • Define the regeneration agreements and project frame of understanding per plot
  • Attracting Seeding  investors
  • Setting up the legal structures and establish the agreements with "land owners"
  • Applying the land evaluation model into the tokenomics


Work in progress

Learn more...

Key information

Concepts, Research, Updates, Case Studies